FLORA AND FAUNA ISSN 2456-9364(Online) 0971-6920(Print)
         
2015 Vol.21 No.1 PP 03­-08
HARDNESS AND ALKALINITY IN AMPHIBIAN ENVIRONMENT AT DISTRICT HYDERABAD SINDH, PAKISTAN.
KALSOOM SHAIKH1, 2*, GULAM SARWAR GACHAL1, SAIMA MEMON3 MUHAMMAD YUSUF SHAIKH1
1Department of Zoology, University of Sindh, Jamshoro-76080, Pakistan
2Institute of Advanced Research in Chemical Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro-76080, Pakistan
3Institute of Chemistry, University of Sindh Jamshoro, Pakistan
E-mail: shaikhkalsoom2014@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
Present study was proposed to investigate the status of amphibian ambient in District Hyderabad.Water samples were collected from eight amphibian habitations for the analysis of hardness and alkalinity using titration procedures. The results of analyzed parameters were compared with scientifically approved water quality criteria to understand the status of aquatic environment. Present study recorded whole area polluted due to extreme level of hardness (618.5±124.2) as well asalkalinity(319.8±46.5)which may cause dreadful effects on amphibians.

Key words :Alkalinity, Amphibian environment, District Hyderabad, Hardness, Pakistan.
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