FLORA AND FAUNA ISSN 2456-9364(Online) 0971-6920(Print)
         
2015 Vol. 21 No. 2 PP 235­-240
ASSESSMENT OF POLLUTION HAZARDS IN PONDS AT BANDA (U.P.) INDIA
SARIKA GUPTA
Department of Zoology,
Bipin Bihari P.G. College,
JHANSI ­284001 (U.P.), INDIA
Email: gbrillient@hotmail.com
ABSTRACT
The three perennial ponds namely Sahab talab, Chhabi talab and Pragi talab of Banda city were studied. Their water analysis was done for the physical and chemical factors viz. Colour, Turbidity, water temperature, pH, CO2, D.O., B.O.D., chloride, carbonates, bicarbonates, total alkalinity, ammonical nitrogen, nitrate, phosphate considering the effects of meteorological conditions viz. photoperiod, atmospheric temperature, rainfall and relative humidity to assess the hazardous effects on the economically important bio­productivity viz. algae and fishes. During the study, it was marked that due to pollution the growth of the fishes was badly effected which have economic importance as food value besides such water is also hazardous to the living beings which consume it. It was found that B.O.D., chloride, nitrate, phosphate were quite high which are the indicators of water pollution. The management of the ponds under study will be suggested for their proper scientific management. Obviously such water bodies might be used for an optimum bioproductivity and consumption without any hazards. So the economic condition and well being for human health along with the employment might be enhanced.

Key words :Assessment of bio­productivity, Meteorological conditions, Physico­chemical characteristics, Role of lentic water bodies in human welfare, .
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