FLORA AND FAUNA ISSN 2456-9364(Online) 0971-6920(Print)
         
2015 Vol. 21 No. 2 PP 257­-259
INCIDENCE OF JUVENILE DIABETES AND ITS COMPLICATIONS AMONG CHILDREN IN LUCKNOW CITY, INDIA
SUCHIT SWAROOP
Molecular and Human Genetics Laboratory,
Department of Zoology,
University of Lucknow, LUCKNOW­226007
suchitswaroop@rediffmail.com
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to find out the incidence of juvenile diabetes (type I diabetes mellitus) among children aged 0­25 years from north India, and to determine the complications and risk factors associated with juvenile diabetes. Complications were determined in patients based on physicians report. A total of 1000 juvenile diabetes patients (474 boys and 526 girls) were registered from the out patients department (OPD) of Medicine Department of King George Medical University, Lucknow. The overall prevalence of juvenile diabetes (per 100,000 persons) was 3.8. On cross sectional analysis 10.7% had poor glycemic control (AIC>9%). The prevalence of complications was as follows: Hypertension­3.47%, Low HDL­18.0% and High C­reactive protein­46.6%. Poor glycemic control, hypertension and duration of disease were strong predictors of all complications. Though the prevalence of juvenile diabetes in India is low yet the burden is high due to large population and still lots need to be done to fill the gap between standard of care and practice.

Key words :Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), High sensitive C, Juvenile diabetes (type I diabetes mellitus), Reactive protein (hs­CRP) .
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