FLORA AND FAUNA ISSN 2456-9364(Online) 0971-6920(Print)
         
2016 Vol.22 No.1 PP 93-96
FOREST ECOLOGY OF GAUTAM BUDDHA WILD LIFE SANCTUARY OF BIHAR, INDIA
ANIL KUMAR
P.G. Department of Zoology, P.D.Mahila P.G. College, FARRUKHABAD (U.P.) (CSJM University, Kanpur)
Email : anilkrz503@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
In India a bulk of Indian forest (about 174 mha of total land area) is degraded due to tremendous anthropogenic pressure and unsustainable practices. Even today protected areas (PAs) are also facing deteriorative great human impact. The Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary (GBWS) is one of the PA of Bihar State notified on the line of the Project Tiger. The Sanctuary possesses mixed biodiversity features due to its unique geographical conditions. It has northern tropical dry deciduous type of main forest with a number of phytosociologically differed sub types. A variety of wild animals are found here that provide ecological integrity to its forests but due to anthropogenic pressure, the biodiversity of the Sanctuary is depleted to a considerable extent in last few decades that is adversely affecting its forest. Such ecological degradation requires a well planned strategy for conservation of biodiversity and habitats of the Sanctuary. In this regard ecodevelopment scheme may prove to be a success.

Key words : Ecological stability, Forest, GBWS, Human impact.
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