FLORA AND FAUNA ISSN 2456-9364(Online) 0971-6920(Print)
         
2016 Vol.22 No.1 PP 131-138
RESISTANCE STATUS OF AEDES AEGYPTI TO INSECTICIDES IN THE JAZAN REGION OF SAUDI ARABIA
A. A. ALSHEIKH, W. S. MOHAMMED, *E. M. NOURELDIN, O. M. DAFFALLA, K. J. SHRWANI, Y. A. HOBANI, F. A. ALSHEIKH, M. H. ALZAHRANI2 AND A. A. BINSAEED3.
National Center for vector-borne Diseases,
1College of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Jazan University. SAUDI ARABIA.
2Malaria program Directorate, SAUDI ARABIA 3Ministry of Public Health, MoH- RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA
*Corresponding Author Email : siddignoureldin@hotmail.com
ABSTRACT
The present study was designed to provide information on the susceptibility status of the adult and larvae of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in Jazan region of Saudi Arabia. Bioassay tests were performed on adults and larvae by using WHO recommended concentrations and test kits. Adults of A. aegypti mosquitoes were exposed to test papers impregnated with Lambda-cyhalothrin (0.05%), Cyfluthrin (0.15%), Deltamethrin (0.05%), Permethrin (0.75%), Fenitrothion (1%), Bendiocarb (0.1%) and DDT (4%) insecticides. A. aegypti mosquitoes were found to be susceptible only to Cyfluthrin; (mortality rate was 100 %), whereas variable resistances were observed from the rest of the other insecticides tested (mortality rates ranged between 93.6 and 17%). Larvae were subjected to different concentrations of Diflubenzuron, Methoprene (IGRs) and Temephos (Organophosphate). The inhibition of adult emergence (IE50 and IE95) values for the IGRs and the (LC50 and LC95) for Temephos have been determined by log-probit regression analysis. A.aegypti larvae were resistant to Temephos (LC5061.8 - LC95 35600.1 mg/l) and showed high susceptibility to Methoprene than Diflubenzuron (IE50 0.49 - IE9510.9 mg/l) and (IE500.86 and IE95 93.8 mg/l), respectively. The larvae were more susceptible to Methoprene than Diflubenzuron by 1.8 folds.

Key words : Aedes aegypti, Insecticides, Jazan region, Resistance, Saudi Arabia.
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