FLORA AND FAUNA ISSN 2456-9364(Online) 0971-6920(Print)
         
2017 Vol.23 No.1 PP 99-104
STUDY OF POND STATUS IN INDIA : A REVIEW
V.K.YADAV1, *SONAM SHARMA1 , A.K.SRIVASTAVA2 AND P.K.KHARE3
1Department of Botany,
2Department of Zoology,
D.V. College, ORAI. 285001 (U.P.)INDIA
3Department of Botany,
Dr.H.S.Gour University,
SAGAR-470003 (M.P.)INDIA
*Corresponding Author:
Email : sonamsharmaswt@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
Ponds are an important fresh water critical ecosystem for plants and animals providing goods and services including food, fodder, fish, irrigation, hydrological cycle, shelter, medicine, culture, aesthetic and recreation. Ponds cover less than 2 percent of worlds land surface. Ponds are important source of fresh water for human use. These are threatened by urbanization, industrialization, over exploitation, fragmentation, habitat destruction, pollution, illegal capturing of land and climate changes. These above factors have been destroying ponds very rapidly putting them in danger of extinction of a great number of local biodiversity. It is necessary to formulate a correct conservation strategy for pond restoration in order to meet the growing needs of fresh water by increasing the human population. Some measures have been compiled and proposed in the present review.

Key words : Biodiversity, Carbon sequestration, Ponds, Value.
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