FLORA AND FAUNA ISSN 2456-9364(Online) 0971-6920(Print)
         
2017 Vol.23 No.1 PP 165-172
BIOACCUMULATION AND METABOLIC EFFECTS OF ZINC ON MARINE ROCK OYSTER, CRASSOSTREA CATTUCKENSIS
G. D. SURYAWANSHI
Department of Zoology,
Yogeshwari Mahavidyalaya,
AMBAJOGAI, Dist. BEED-431517, INDIA
*Corresponding Author :
Email : gdsyma@yahoo.com
ABSTRACT
The Indian rock oysters, Crassostrea cattuckensis (80-90 mm shell length) were exposed to sub lethal levels of zinc for 15 days and 30 days for metal accumulation and next 15 days for metal depuration. The oysters, which served as experimental control after 15 days showed high amount of lipid (mg/100 mg) in hepatopancreas ( 3.32) followed by gills (3.20), mantle (3.08), gonad (2.90), adductor muscle (2.78) and siphon (2.11). During 15 days metal exposed oysters to (0.65) and (0.94) ppm concentrations there was changes observed in different body parts when compared to experimental control. The decreased rate upon 15 days in (0.65 ppm) concentrations was in mantle (2.96), than gill (2.22), hepatopancreas (1.72), gonad (1.59), siphon (1.51) and adductor muscle (1.50). While in (0.94 ppm) the protein was decreased in adductor muscle (2.51), gonad (1.61), siphon (1.44), gill (1.42) and it increased in mantle (3.90) and hepatopancreas (3.34) when it was compared to experimental control. Whereas upon 30 days exposure the lipid content increased among body parts in both concentration except the gills (1.35), gonads (1.97) and hepatopancreas (1.66) in higher concentration when compared with experimental control. The lipid increased in (0.65 ppm) from gonad (2.29), hepatopancreas (2.25), adductor muscle (2.22), gills (2.20), mantle (2.14) and siphon (1.44). While in (0.94 ppm) lipid increase trend was from mantle (4.27), adductor muscle (2.46) and siphon (1.42) and decreased from gonad (1.97), hepatopancreas (1.66) and gills (1.35) when compared with 30 days experimental control. During detoxification process the lipid content was increased in both concentrations except gill (2.11) in low and adductor muscle (0.99), siphon (0.74) in high concentrations when compared with respective concentrations of 15 days exposed oysters. The increase rate in low concentration was from mantle (4.32) than from adductor muscles (4.12), gonad (3.60), hepatopancreas (2.46) and siphon (1.05). In high concentration it was more in hepatopancreas (4.93) than gonad (4.42), gills (4.08) and mantle (4.01).

Key words : Accumulation, C. cattuckensis, Detoxification, Lipid, Zinc.
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