FLORA AND FAUNA ISSN 2456-9364(Online) 0971-6920(Print)
         
2017 Vol.23 No.1 PP 252-256
PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIBACTERIAL EVALUATION OF TEPHROSIA PURPUREA AND ITS ACTIVE CONSTITUENT GALLIC ACID
JAVID AHMAD MALIK1, SATENDRA KUMAR NIRALA1 AND *MONIKA BHADAURIA1
1Toxicology and Pharmacology Laboratory,
Department of Zoology,
2Laboratory of Natural Products,
Department of Rural Technology and Social Development,
Guru Ghasidas University,
BILASPUR-495009 (C.G.) INDIA
*Corresponding Author :
Email: monikabhadauria@rediffmail.com
ABSTRACT
India is one of the hottest spot in the world in terms of biodiversity, but little is known about the chemical and pharmacological properties of most of the plants which needs to be explored. Tephrosia purpurea is one amongst the vital medicinal alternatives.In the present investigation, an attempt has been made to validate phytochemical composition of Tephrosia extract.Gallic acid is a good antioxidant and has been reported to possess various therapeutic activities. Thus, Tephrosia extract and gallic acid were screened against Staphylococcus aureus(gram +ve)and E. coli (gram -ve) for their antibacterial activities. Presence of different bioactive compounds were confirmed in Tephrosia extract by qualitative evaluation. Both Tephrosia extract and gallic acid possess strong antibacterial activity against gram +ve and gram –ve bacteria. Due to presence of several bioactive constituents and antibacterial activity, plant extract and gallic acid may be used as a therapeutic agent against a variety of diseases caused by bacterial infections.

Key words : Antibacterial, E. coli, Gallic acid, Phytochemical, S. aureus, Tephrosia purpurea.
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