FLORA AND FAUNA ISSN 2456-9364(Online) 0971-6920(Print)
         
2017 Vol.23 No.2 PP 316-318
CULTIVATION OF MAKHANA, EURYALE FEROX FOR POTENTIAL UTILIZATION OF WETLAND AND ITS MANAGEMENT IN NORTH BIHAR, INDIA
ARVIND KUMAR
Post-Graduate Studies & Research Centre,
Department of Botany ,
T. N. B. College, BHAGALPUR -812007
T. M. Bhagalpur University, BHAGALPUR (BIHAR) INDIA
*Corresponding Author : Email : akarvindkumar863@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
These wetlands are ideal sites for Makhana ( Euryale ferox ) cultivation. It is an integral part of economy, culture and custom of Mithila region. Apart from its high nutritional value, Makhana cultivation helps in the sustainable management of wetlands in these areas. Wetlands, vital parts of hydrological cycle, are highly productive, support exceptionally large biological diversity and provide a wide range of eco-system services, such as waste assimilation, water purification, flood mitigation, erosion control, ground water recharge and microclimate regulation. From the study it may be concluded that cultivation of Makhana is imperative to utilize this vast unused or waste wetland ecosystem with impetuously for food, livelihood, engagement of household labours and ultimately, economic stability of rural people.

Key words : Biological diversity, Makhana, Nutritional value, Sustainable management, Wetland.
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