FLORA AND FAUNA ISSN 2456-9364(Online) 0971-6920(Print)
         
2018 Vol.24 No.1 PP 155-162
EPIDEMIOLOGY, ECOLOGY AND PREVALENCE OF SOIL TRANSMITTED HELMINTHS FROM KOSHI REGION OF NORTH BIHAR.
LAKSHMI CHOUDHARY* AND PRABHAWATI1
L. N. Mithla University,
DARBHANGA-846008
1Department of Zoology,
Marwari College, DARBHANGA)
*Corresponding Author :
Email:lakshmichy6@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
Prevalence of soil transmitted helminthes infections in apparently healthy school going children and other 528 people of different districts of Koshi regions of North Bihar were evaluated. Over all incidences of STHs infection was 39.39% during study. High incidence of STH was seen in the rainy season i.e., in the month of July and August, September, significantly higher (P<0.05) .The incidence of Ascaris lumbricoides was highest in the month of August (18.64%). The month of September was 15.25% followed by that of July (14.4%) and October with 10.16%. Also the incidence of hookworm registered the highest incidence in the month of June (19.27%) and lowest in the month of December (4.82%) during the study period. However prevalence of Trichuris trichiura was negligible and it was almost nil in the most of the months but was highest in month of September with 28.57% and lowest in October with 14.00% The climatic factors are responsible for soil transmitted helminthes which are temperature, rainfall and relative humidity. Ascariasis, Trichuriasis and Ancyclostomiasis (Hookworm infection) are found to be endemic in this region.

Key words : Climatic factors, Ecology, Epidemiology, Koshi region, Prevalence, Soil-transmitted helminths.
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