FLORA AND FAUNA ISSN 2456-9364(Online) 0971-6920(Print)
2020 Vol.26 No.1 PP 141-147
Present status of fish farming and pond conditions from Basti and Gonda districts, Uttar Pradesh
*Sunil Kumar Upadhyay and J. Mishra
Department of Zoology,
M. D. (P.G.) College,
*Corresponding Author : Email : sunilupadhyay179@gmail.com
Fish ponds operate as an open ecological system where natural and technological processes are built on one another and are implemented in a non-separable way. Pond fish farms contribute to preserve biodiversity. In both districts the composite fish culture technology is commonly followed for fish farming with six species combination i.e. Indian Major Carps (IMC) i.e. Catla, Rohu and Mrigal (Nain) and Exotic Major Carps (EMC) i.e. Silver carp, Grass carp and Common carp. There are 14 blocks in Basti district in which 3848 number of ponds are found. These ponds cover 1040.42 ha of water spread area. There are 16 blocks in Gonda district. The number of ponds is 4471 with water spread area of 3706.86 ha. The total productions of fishes are 1800 ton/year in Basti district while 3850 ton/year in Gonda district. The average productions are 2800 kg/ha/ year and 3000 kg/ha/year in Basti and Gonda districts, respectively. The data indicated that the Gonda district have more potential in fish production compared to Basti district. The maximum ponds were of less than 1 hectare in both districts. The respondents were 68% in Basti district and 76% in Gonda District. 82% and 70% respondents have leased pond in Basti and Gonda districts, respectively. Gonda district has more potential for fishing in future.

Key words : Basti, Composite fish culture, Fish farming, Gonda, Labeo rohita.
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