FLORA AND FAUNA ISSN 2456-9364(Online) 0971-6920(Print)
         
2020 Vol.26 No.2 PP 191­-196
https://doi.org/10.33451/florafauna.v26i2pp191-196
Soil Profile Studies of Organic and Conventional farms growing Chilli, Capsicum annuum
Kavita Choudhary1, Dayanand2 and *Preeti Mishra1
1Plant Pathology,
Tissue Culture and Biotechnology Laboratory,
Department of Botany,
University of Rajasthan,
JAIPUR- 302004, INDIA.
2Krishi Vigyan Kendra,
JHUNJHUNU, RAJASTHAN, INDIA
*Corresponding Author : Email : drpreetipathak@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
The experiments were conducted to determine effects of farming practises on soil quality of fields. Comparative analyses of soil samples from organic and conventional farms were carried out for soil organic matter nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, salinity, and soil pH. Applications of organic manures increase the availability of organic elements in soil naturally and improve the Nutrient Use Efficiency (NUE) of crops. Standard chemical analytical methods were used to determine organic matter, EC, pH, in soil. Special attention was paid to phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium. Soil profile analysis showed that organic farming gradually enhances soil quality naturally. Results indicated increasing levels of organic carbon, total nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, CEC, pH of soil from farms practising organic farming.

Key words : Conventional; Farming; Organic; Soil; Sustainable agriculture.
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