FLORA AND FAUNA ISSN 2456-9364(Online) 0971-6920(Print)
         
2021 Vol.27 No.2 PP 217­-227
https://doi.org/10.33451/florafauna.v27i2pp217-227
Species Diversity of selected Flora and Fauna in the river Yamuna at Kalpi (U.P.) India
Manoj Kumar Shukla
Department of Botany,
Chhatrasal Govt. PG College,
PANNA-488001 (MP), INDIA
*Corresponding Author : Email : manojshuklacktd@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
To evaluate the pollution status species diversity of selected flora and fauna of the Yamuna river at Kalpi stretch was studied for a period of one year. Four sampling stations were selected for sampling purpose. Collected samples are evaluated for flora and fauna specially phytoplankton, aquatic macrophytes, zooplankton and fishes. Selected flora and fauna of studied water are presented by phytoplankton members of Chlorophyceae, Euglenophyceae, Bacillariophyceae and Cyanophyceae, aquatic macrophytes of 8 families, zooplankton members of Protozoa, Rotifera, Cladocera and Copepoda and fishes of 10 families. In these recorded species of different groups of flora and fauna, some pollution indicator species like Scenedesmus quadricauda, Stigeoclonium tenue,Ankistrodesmus falcatus, Chlorella vulgaris, Euglena viridis, Synedra ulna, Cyclotella meneghiniana, Navicula viridula, Nitzschia, Oscillatoria limosa, O. tenuis, O. chlorina, Phormidium uncinatum,Microcystis aeruginosa of phytoplanton, Eichhornea, Potamogeton and Cyperus species of aquatic macrophytes, Brachionus species and Keratella species of zooplankton and Clarias batrachus fish are also presented along with clean water species. Presence of both pollution indicator and clean water species show that water of Yamuna river at Kalpi stretch is moderately polluted. Sustaining the diversity of flora and fauna it is necessary to maintain living status of this river.

Key words : Flora and Fauna; Kalpi; Species Diversity; Yamuna river
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